Innovative housing models that reflect the needs of contemporary society (Post-pandemic context) MALVINA ISTREFAJ (KOLICI), LLAZAR KUMARAKU

Innovative housing models that reflect the needs of contemporary society (Post-pandemic context) MALVINA ISTREFAJ (KOLICI), LLAZAR KUMARAKU

150 150 Sadmira Malaj

Innovative housing models that reflect the needs of contemporary society

ISBN: 978-9928-347-10-7
DOI: 10.37199/o41008204
ISSN: 2959-4081

Author: Dr. Malvina Istrefaj (Kolici), Llazar Kumaraku
Affiliation: POLIS University

This article is concerned with understanding the need for housing in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic and suggesting alternatives to provide solutions for housing in a demanding post-pandemic society and a new lifestyle. Since this pandemic hit the world, the issues revealed tackled primarily general societal health, followed by social distancing, change of transportation concepts, and a new remote work model within the housing unit; putting into a tangible discussion, the overall quality of housing. An emergent need to re-address a new concept for housing, sustaining the actual socio- economic model of living, is frequently being discussed between academics alternating between provision for flexible internal spaces, innovative and resilient houses as well as re- adaptations. In this context of global societal changes, ‘The Housing Unit’, has been positioned under pressure to meet the extra needs of the inhabitants, like better indoor physical comfort and air quality, natural light and ventilation, wider spaces, and flexible interiors, needs which were previously addressed in the outdoor environment. Whiles the impact of the pandemic in regard to housing as the primary unit responsible for the overall quality of life imposes researchers and different professionals in design fields to attend to and forecast changes within the housing as the primary “nucleus” driving the general health and quality of life for the citizens; the situation challenged every component of the urban environment, including the uses of public space, public transportation and movement within the city, which already seeks to be redefined. This research is conducted during a two-week workshop, in the framework of the doctoral program in Architecture and Urban Planning, concerning the context Northern Albanian Region of Lezha, with the participation of the students: Rine Zogiani, Nicola Talamonti, Elena Verzella, Luca Lanzoni, Bianka Madhi,, Armela Lamaj. The results of the workshop, after a thorough investigation of existing housing typologies, the relation of public spaces with residential buildings, and other aspects like sustainability, through the objective of providing innovative housing solutions. generated variable models of housing in two main directions: a) adaptations of existing housing units; and b) new proposals for contemporary, post-pandemic housing. The proposals integrate the use of near public space and the incorporation of auto-sufficient buildings concepts.

Publisher: Polis_press

Reference List 

AbouKorin, S. A., Han, H., & Mahran, M. (2021, June). Role of urban planning characteristics in forming pandemic resilient cities - Case study of Covid-19 impacts on European cities within England, Germany and Italy. Elsevier, 118(Cities), 0264-2751. doi:https:/ Agenda, D. (2022, January 20). 3 Ways to reinvent affordable housing in a post-pandemic world. DAVOS AGENDA 2022. World Economic Forum. Retrieved from https:/ agenda/2022/01/reinvent-affordable-housing- post-covid19-world-habitat-for-humanity/

Akbari, P., Yazdanfar, S.-A., Hosseini, S.-B., & Norouzian-Maleki, S. (2021). Housing and Mental Health during Outbreak of COVID-19. J. Build. Eng. 2021, 43, 102919.

Alraouf, A. A. (2021, March 30). The new normal or the forgotten normal: contesting COVID-19 impact on contemporary architecture and urbanism. Archnet- IJAR, 15(1), 167-188. Retrieved from https:/www. 10-2020-0249/full/pdf?title=the-italicnewitalic- normal-or-the-italicforgottenitalic-normal- contesting-covid-19-impact-on-contemporary- architecture-and-urbanism

Berg, R. v. (2020, April 10). How Will COVID-19 Affect Urban Planning? TheCityFix. Retrieved from https:/ urban-planning-rogier-van-den-berg/

Bojovic, M., Rajkovic, I., & Svetlana K. Perovic. (2022, January). Towards Resilient Residential Buildings and Neighborhoods in Light of COVID-19 Pandemic—The Scenario of. Sustainability, 14(3). doi:https:/

Campisi, T., Basbas, S., Skoufas, A., Akgun, N., Ticali, D., & Tesoriere, G. (2020, 12). The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on the Resilience of Sustainable Mobility in Sicily. Sustainability, 12(21). doi:10.3390/ su12218829

Carrie A Redlich, J. S. (1997). Sick-building syndrome. . The Lancet, Volume 349, Issue 9057, 1013-1016. Center for Active Desing. 5 Way to Optimize Buildings for COVID - 19 Prevention. (2020). Retrieved from https:/ sheets-5-ways-to-optimize-buildings-for-covid- 19-prevention

Curkin, C. (2021, January 7). Now What? How Home Design and Architecture Should Adapt to a Post-COVID World. Retrieved from https:/www. a34918038/architecture-home-design-after- covid-pandemic/

Elzein, Z., & Elsemary, Y. (2022). Re-Thinking Post- Pandemic Home Desing: How Covid-19 Affected the Perception and Use of Residential Balconies in Egypt. Future Cities and Environment, 1-15. doi:https:/

Fainstein, S. S. (2020). Cities and the Pandemic: Towards a Geographical Understanding. Town Planning Review., 129-142.
Gandy, M. (2016). Sanitary Infrastructures and Urban Development: The Case of the New Orleans Sewerage System. The Routledge Handbook on the Spaces of Urban Politics., 139-150.

Harris, R. (2016). Cities of the Pandemic: Urban Planning and the Bubonic Plague. . History Today, (3), 42-49.
Klochko, A. R. (2022). Visions of the Future of Post- Industrial and Post-Pandemic Housing Architecture. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 988 042077. 988, Chapter 3. IOP Publishing Ltd. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/988/4/042077 Maturana, B., & Salama, A. (2021, March 30). Architecture, urbanism and health in a post- pandemic virtual world. International Journal of Architectural Research, 13(1).

McHarg, I. L. (1995). Design with Nature, 1st Edition. New York: Wiley.
Misja, V., & Misja, A. (2004). Vështrim mbi situatën e banesave në Shqipëri. Analizë krahasuese. (A. e. Shqipërisë, Ed.) Mësonjëtorja.

Mohammed Al-Qaisi, M. O. (n.d.). An Overview of Post-Pandemic Housing: Through Stay-at-Home Experience. Arab Journal for Scientific Publishint (AJSP), 19-26. Retrieved from (2020). Architecture post-coronavirus. China. Retrieved from https:/ article/3126723/architecture-post-coronavirus/ index.html

Nevius, J. (2020, March 19). New York’s built environment was shaped by pandemics. Retrieved fromhttps:/ coronavirus-new-york-public-housing-outbreak- history

Ogundehin, M. (2020, June 4). "In the future home, form will follow infection". Retrieved from https:/ form-follows-infection-coronavirus-michelle- ogundehin/

Pert, A., & Liddicoat , S. (2020, August 18). Architecture and Design in a Post - Pandemic World. Retrieved from https:/ au/articles/architecture-and-design-in-a-post- pandemic-world

Peters, T. (2020, December). How Our Homes Impact Our Health: Using a COVID-19 Informed Approach to Examine Urban Apartment HousingHow Our Homes Impact Our Health: Using a COVID-19 Informed Approach to Examine Urban Apartment Housing. International Journal of Architectural Research Archnet-IJAR.

Pinsker, J. (2021, February 9). Welcome to the Post-pandemic Dream Home. Retrieved from https:/ archive/2021/02/coronavirus-home-design- houses-apartments/617966/

Poon, L. (2020, April 2021). A Lesson from Social Distancing: Build Better Balconies. Bloomberg. Retrieved from https:/ articles/2020-04-20/lesson-from-coronavirus-

Resilient Housing in a Post-Corona World. In the first of a series of articles exploring solutions to creating resilient places in the wake of Covid-19, a panel of experts give their views on how the housing sector will evolve in the future. (2020, June 23). Retrieved from https:/ resilient-housing-in-a-post-corona-world
Rolnik, R., & Chueca, E. G. (n.d.). Towards a Post- Pandemic Housing Policy for Cities. (Building Back Better: Post-Pandemic City Governance). CIDOB Barcelona Centre for International Affairs. Retrieved October 22, 2022, from www.dossiers.cidob. org: https:/ pandemics/assets/pdf/towards-a-post-pandemic- housing-policy-for-cities.pdf
Roux, C. (2021, February 10). The future home: how the pandemic is shaping the way we’ll live. Retrieved from https:/ design/a35450019/the-future-home/
Seltzer, J. M. (1995). Effects of the indoor environment on health (Ed.), . Occup Med, 10 (1995), 26-45.
Thomai, G., Struga, F., Tallushi, N., & Mëzezi, I. (2021). Lezha. Zhvillimi Urban 1945-1990. (M. e. Arkivi Qëndror Teknik i Ndërtimit, Ed.) Tiranë: Botimet Flesh.
UN-Habitat. Cities and Pandemics: Towards a More Just, Green and Healthy Future. (2021, May). Retrieved from https:/ default/files/2021/03/cities_and_pandemics- towards_a_more_just_green_and_healthy_ future_un-habitat_2021.pdf
Van Der Veken, J. (n.d.). The pandemic will change the way our homes and offices are built. The new normal will mean a reinvented workplace designed to mitigate risk of a coronavirus resurgence. Retrieved from https:/ coronavirus-pandemic-office-homes
Weber, C. (2020, September 21). The reimagined home. Retrieved from https:/moco360. media/2020/09/21/the-reimagined-home/ Within, r. V. (n.d.). Welcome to the Pandemic-friendly Home. Retrieved from https:/www.reportingasean. net/welcome-pandemic-friendly-home/
Wood, S. (2020, June 24). Architecture and pandemics. Retrieved from https:/www.kent. architecture-and-pandemics
Xu, Y., & Juan, Y.-K. (2021, October 12). Design Strategies for Multi-Unit Residential Buildings During the Post-pandemic Era in China. Frontiers in Public Health, Sec. Environmental health and Exposome, 9. doi:https:/ fpubh.2021.761614