Economic and social rights enjoyment in Albania: Literature Review and Conceptual Framework. Dr. Emi HOXHOLLI, Prof. Dr. Donika KËRÇINI

Economic and social rights enjoyment in Albania: Literature Review and Conceptual Framework. Dr. Emi HOXHOLLI, Prof. Dr. Donika KËRÇINI

150 150 Sadmira Malaj
DOI: 10.37199/c41000106

Prof. Dr. Donika KËRÇINI2
1Polis University, Albania
2Agricultural University of Tirana, Albania

Economic and social rights have been affirmed since 1976 in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights but the globalization, huge economic differences, and financial and health crises that hap- pened during the last decade have brought them into focus. Economic and social rights include the rights to adequate housing, education, health, work and food. These rights belong to every human being, regardless of age, sex, nationality, ethnicity, religion, race, wealth or any other status. Recognition and respect of these rights is today a challenge for all defenders of human rights, such as institutions, NGOs and academics. A human rights economy places people and the planet at the heart of the economic policies, investment decisions, consumer choices and business models and this will help in completing the ambition of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (Türk,2023). Ten years ago, the World Bank in collaboration with the Human Rights Measurement Initiative developed the economic and social rights performance score, in order measure how effectively countries use their economic resources to ensure the fulfilment of economic and social rights. But which is the status of Albania regarding the economic and social rights? If we refer to data provided by People’s Advocate, the Albanian NHRI, in 2021 there were 32 complaints about non-adequate housing, 101 complaints for education, 97 complaints for healthcare, 51 complaints regarding the right to work and 72 complaints for non-adequate food. Comparing these figures with the total number of 1,630 complaints about human rights violations is clear that they are very low due to the fact that individuals are not aware of having these rights and don’t fight to be part of the policymaking.

Publisher: Polis_press


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