Shifting from liminality to destination. The case of Vrisera

Shifting from liminality to destination. The case of Vrisera

150 150 Armela Reka

Shifting from liminality to destination. The case of Vrisera

ISBN: 978-9928-347-01-5
DOI: 10.37199/o41006117
ISSN: 2959-4081

Author: Johana Klemo
Affiliation:  Polis University

More than half of European cities shrank in the period 1990-2010(Wiechmann 2013). This kind of urban transformation is a multidimensional process. It impacts economic and social domain. Shrinkage is also a phenomenon on several cities and rural areas in Albania. Among others Dropull can be considered a shrinking area as it has notably a smaller population and decline in economy compared with its past. Shrinkage can be seen as a liminality, as a transition phase of urban transformation. Liminality has many fields of study, but this research will examine the urban one. This paper will designate the main components in a shrinking area seen from the perspective of liminality as a threshold in time and place with its material and relational dimension.
The material dimension of liminality refers to the physical consequences emerging during the shrinking process, consequences that might be temporary. Amongst the challenges that migration/depopulation brings is also the housing stock, the abandoned vacant structures. The relation dimension will examine the abandonment of social habitat due to emigration, lack of activity and the deterioration of public spaces. In an effort to restore a sustainable urban settlement, the question of how can the component with liminal character help the process of building an identity emerges?

Publisher: Polis_press

Reference List

Adhya, A. (2017) Shrinking Cities and First Suburbs, The Case of Detroit and Warren, Michigan, New
York: Palgrave Macmillan pp.1-20

Häussermann, H, and Siebel, W. (1988). “Die Schrumpfende Stadt Und Die Stadtsoziologie [The Shrinking City and Urban Sociology].” In Soziologische Stadtforschung, pp78–94. Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag.

Hospers, Gert. and Syssner, J. (2018) Dealing with Urban and Rural Shrinkage. Formal and Informal Strategies, European region: LIT, pp.1-30

Plani i Pergjithshem Vendor i Bashkise Dropull(2017): Universiteti Polis

Turner, V. (2008) The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-Structure, London: Transaction Publishers,
pp.94-131 Van Gennep, A. (2004) The Rites of Passage, London: Routledge

Attademo, A. (2017) The meaning of limits in a limitless city, The Urban Transcripts Journal, [online] Volume 1(1) pp. 1–7 Available at:
[Accessed 03.Feb.2020].

Chamberlain, C. and Johnson, G. (2018) From longterm homelessness to stable housing: investigating
“liminality”, Housing Studies. Routledge, [online] Volume 33(8), pp. 1246–1263. Available at:    

Dustmann, C., Fitzenberger, B. and Zimmermann, M. (2018) Housing Expenditures and Income Inequality, SSRN Electronic Journal, [online] Volume 18(048),
pp. 0-67. Available at: [Accessed 10. Dec.2019].