Dealing with the future of the emergent settlements in the absence of full property recognition. The case of Kashar and Astiri in Tirana, Albania. Dr. Artan KACANI

Dealing with the future of the emergent settlements in the absence of full property recognition. The case of Kashar and Astiri in Tirana, Albania. Dr. Artan KACANI

150 150 Sadmira Malaj
DOI: DOI: 10.37199/c41000102

Author: Dr. Artan KACANI
Affiliation: POLIS University

Intro: According to the National Cadastre, In Tirana, more than half of the built environment lies in informal areas, approximately 2506 ha from 4100 ha of the total urban area. The more we go outside the city, the more it would be the absence of property recognition. However, this condition, of being informal, without proper property recognition, has not stopped the process of property substitution. From an orchard land to a highly densified area, the Kashar and Astiri areas are the best examples to represent and show the substitution process.

Research Question and Objectives: The research aims to identify the substitution process, in Kashar and Astiri neighbourhoods, measure it, and get into the primary factors of the bargaining process of the substitution processes. The comparative methodology used in this paper speaks about the partial development of the agricultural land made by 200x200 meters, with a fast pro- cess of substitution along the existing pathways and a slower process inside the agricultural land. In this substitution process, three actors play an important role: the primary inhabitants (single family), the investor with multi-family buildings, and the public administration.
Results: The substitution process from the primary inhabitants has happened informally, in com- mon understanding and over a long period. These common forms of understanding and sharing consist of signs (communication), resources (construction materials), and development rules (distances). The substitution process by the private investors has happened there where there was a higher degree of property recognition. Instead, the public administration has set in a process
of eradicating the informal settlements, without understanding the two processes of substitution mentioned above and by interfering in the substitution process.
Conclusions: Both inhabitants, the first, and the new struggle for primary urban rights, such as water, mobility, and energy access and the substitution have not changed radically the property recognition situation - on the contrary, it has complicated it.

Publisher: Polis_press


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