Building resilience for local governments in Albania: legal and institutional challenges RUDINA TOTO

Building resilience for local governments in Albania: legal and institutional challenges RUDINA TOTO

150 150 Sadmira Malaj

Building resilience for local governments in Albania: legal and institutional challenges

ISBN: 978-9928-347-10-7
DOI: 10.37199/o41008202
ISSN: 2950-4081

Author: Dr. Rudina Toto
Affiliation: POLIS University

Uncertainty from natural hazards and disaster risks is high in Albania. Located in the western part of the Balkan, Albania has faced over the years several disaster events and the future, especially in the light of climate change, does not hold any positive news. Multiple hazards are present over the territory and extend beyond the administrative boundaries, revealing the need for an integrated local - to national – to regional approach to resilience building, as a response to uncertainties. The following paper analyses the role and challenges of the local governments, from and institutional perspective, for enabling local resilience. Local resilience has social, institutional, governance, economic, ecological and territorial dimensions. This paper addresses local ecological and territorial resilience.

Publisher: Polis_press

Reference List 

AKM, 2017. Raporti i Gįendįes në Mįedis (Environmental Status Report). On line: http:/ botuese.pdf . Accessed 29 April 2020.

Bruci, E.D., Islami, B., and Kamberi, M., 2016. Third National Communication of the Republic of Albania

on Climate Change. Ministry of Environment. Co-PLAN, 2018. Circular Economy Country Specific Report. Written Contribution for the 2018 Annual Report, Albania. On line http:/ content/uploads/2019/10/CE_ Report_2018_ Albania.pdf. Accessed 29 April 2020.
Duro, F., 2015. Menaxhimi i Emergįencave Civile në Shqipëri (Management of Civil Emergencies in Albania). Institute for Democracy and Mediation. European Commission, 2020. Together for Albania – International Donors’ Conference pledge statement. On line: https:/ enlargement/sites/near/files/pledge_ statement_ final_0.pdf. Accessed 6 May 2020.
Eurostat, 2017. Population connected to at least secondary waste water treatment. Online: https:/ do?tab=table&init=1&language=en&pcode=sdg_0 6_20&plugin=1 Accessed 29 April 2020.
Gencer, E.A., 2014. A compendium of disaster risk reduction practices in cities of the Western Balkans and Turkey: A review of selected cities participating in UNISDR’s ‘Making Cities Resilient. My City is Getting Ready! campaign. UNISDR.
Gencer, E.A., 2017. How to Make Cities More Resilient: A Handbook for Local Government Leaders. A contribution to the Global Campaign 2010-2020 Making Cities Resilient – “My City is Getting Ready!” UNISDR.
GFDRR, 2017. Disaster Risk Profile: Albania. On line: https:/ publication/drp_albania.pdf. Accessed 6 May 2020. Gjoka, R. and Delli, G., 2019. Decarbonisation of the Public Transport Sector in Tirana. Annual Review of Territorial Governance in the Western Balkans, 1, 107–119.
Gjoka, R., Hoxha, X., and Bashmili, K., 2018. Governance for Climate Change Resolution. Annual Review of Territorial Governance in Albania, 1, 105–121.
Government of Albania, 2020a. Albania Post-