Restoration and protection of ecosystem in the Seman delta MARIA TERESA CAMERADA
Author: PhD researcher Maria Teresa Camerada
Affiliation: Ferrara University
This paper analyzes the impact of natural and human factors on the erosion of Albanian beaches and proposes several strategies for the restoration and recovery of coasts. The widespread phenomenon of erosion on beaches is a natural process caused by the action of wind, tides or storm surges, but also the increase of the sea level resulting from global warming. The coastal erosion can be accentuated or accelerated by human activities, such as land use for agriculture and industry, urbanization, tourism development processes, pollution. The result is the alteration of morphological characteristics of the shoreline and risk of biodiversity loss as well of landscape identity. The aim of the strategies adopted to restore the dune system is the reconstruction of dunes by planting native vegetation, the establishment of fences and barriers, the use of cages and, in extreme cases, the import of compatible graded sand from other areas. Finally, development of sustainable tourism in harmony with recovery strategies and restoration of ecosystems must be encouraged as well as awareness-raising campaigns about environmental issues, promoting the active involvement of the local population.
Balla A., Bulliqi S., (2014), Erosion of beaches on the Albanian Coast, causes, consequences, and measures for their improvement, J. Int. Environmental application e Scienc, Vol. 9(3): 365-372.
Bartoletti E., Bini A., Lombardi L., Giunti M., Bacci M., Corsi S. (2010) Gli ambienti dunali della costa di Sterpaia Comune di Piombino (LI): interventi di riqualificazione degli habitat, controllo delle specie esotiche e razionalizzazione del carico turistico. Studi costieri. Dinamica dei litorali – Gestione integrata delle fasce costiere. Rivista Studi Costieri, N.17, Ed. Nuova Grafica Fiorentina: 197-213.