Placemaking Gjirokastra DORIANA MUSAJ
Author: Dorina Papa
Affiliation: POLIS University
The purpose of this study is to identify the urban elements which contribute to placemaking. By developing the quality of public space in collaboration with insider and outsider inhabitants, using the theoretical frameworks of Lynch, Alexander, and Jacobs, this study aims to explore the roots of the concepts, criteria, and experiences of placemaking. Field observation and interviews were used as primary data sources. Cityscape, its relief, landscape, and urban elements, and the data collected underwent descriptive analysis, the results of which served as a ground for the construction of research questions addressed during the qualitative study. Interviews as primary sources were part of the exploration of how people perceive their city, and which city images took part in creating the local activities. Results of the study show that there are great potential green areas inside the city core, which are disconnected from the urban space representing a fragmented edge. By revitalizing restoring and regenerating the original activities Gjirokastër as place could be rebuilt. Places we can't reach can't be valued or recognized as city values. A great public space is the one that is easy to get to, easy to enter into it, and walk-in or walk through. The city forms read two different frameworks: Kevin Lynch’s Image of the City, and Christofer Alexander’s The Nature of Order. Then the elements of the city are observed and analyzed through the lenses of Jane Jacobs, on their contribution to people’s perception, and how they contribute to the city life.
Alexander C. (2002–2005), The Nature of Order: An essay on the art of building and the nature of the universe, Center for Environmental Structure: Berkeley, CA
ALIAJ, Besnik, Eranda JANKU, Ledio AALKJA, Sotir DHAMO. Albania 2030 Manifesto. A national spatial development vision. Tirana: POLIS Press, 2014.
Fojut, Noel. 2009. The philosophical, political and pragmatic roots of the convention. Council of Europe, Strasbourg, Heritage and Beyond, pp. 13–22. Available at http:/www.coe.int/t/dg4/ cultureheritage/heritage/identities/PatrimoineBD_ en.pdf
Jacobs, J. (1961) The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Random House Inc, New York JOJIC, Sonia, Sustainable tourism as a driving force for branding Gjirokastër. Creative Tourism and Tourism for all, as enhancers of Culture Tourism in achieving sustainable development, IDAUP PhD Thesis Cycle XXX, 2017. (POLIS Library)
LYNCH, Kevin, The Image of the City. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London, England. [ISBN] 0 262 62001 4 (Library of Congress Catalog Card No: 60-7362)
MITROJORGJI, M. (2008) “Sintaksa e elementëve arkitektonikë” UFO PRESS, ISBN 978-99956-639- 1-2
OSWALT, Büro Philipp, 2002. shrinking cities. [Online] Available at: http:/www.shrinkingcities.com/index. php%3FL=1.html [Accessed 25 november 2019]. PAPA, Dorina, Visual perception of the historic city image. An urban approach to integrate the residual margin of the historical area, IDAUP PhD Thesis Cycle XXX, 2017. (POLIS Library)
Whyte, W. H. (1980) The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces, Project for Public Spaces, New York Yin, R. K. (1995), Case Study Research, Design and Methods, Sage Publications, Thousands Oaks, London, New Delhi SCIENTIFIC JOURNALS