Increasing ecosystem resilience through landscape interventions
Author: Eranda Janku
Affiliation: Polis University
With pressure coming from an uncontrolled urbanization process, which in most of the cases has been unplanned and compromising natural potentials, and with little awareness regarding the importance of understanding and respecting the natural features beyond just individual interests, the case of flooding in Shkodra makes for a perfect example, on how an ecosystem can react when reaching a critical point of change, which affects its ability to regenerate. Managing a healthy relationship between urban-rural-and natural is very important, and given the constant flooding challenges that Shkodra faces with every year, learning how to manage and live with water, becomes the key to increasing the resilience of the whole regional ecosystem. Having set the background of the big picture, this paper tries to analyze the case of flooding in Shkodra, by understanding first the natural and artificial processes happening, and then coming in practice with a series of proposals of landscape interventions, aiming to improve ecosystem resilience. The confluence of Buna, Kiri and Drini River, and the surrounding agricultural and urban environment become subject of illustration, previewing how on different emergency scenarios, the whole ecosystem can adapt and sustain itself.
Aliaj, B. (2008). “Misteri i Gjashtë: Cili është kurthi që mban peng zhvillimin dhe integrimin e ekonomisë shqiptare me botën modern?”, Tiranë, Botimet Afrojdit.
Aliaj, B., Shutina, D., & Dhamo, S. (2010). “Between Energy and the Vacuum: Co-PLAN and Urban Planning in Albania”, Tiranë, POLIS Press.
Freedman, B., (2015), “Ecological Effects of Environmental Stressors”, Oxford Research Encyclopedias, DOI: 10.1093/ acrefore/9780199389414.013.1.
Janku, E.; Allkja, L.; Aliaj, B. (2017). “Albania 2030 Manifesto, an Example for Adapting Advanced National Spatial Planning Instruments for Developing Countries” on the Universal Journal of Management 5(7): (pg.320-331), DOI: 10.13189/ujm.2017.050702.
Ministria e Mjedisit. (2015). “Draft Strategjia Ndërsektoriale e Mjedisit 2015-2020”. Tiranë, Ministria e Mjedisit.
Ministria e Mjedisit; Prefektura e Shkodërs; Qarku Shkodër. (2015), “Flood Risk Management Plan: Shkodër Region”, on the framework of the “Climate Change Adaptation in Western Balkan” Project, supported by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).
Ministria e Zhvillimit Urban. (2014). “Dokumenti i Politikave të Planifikimit të Territorit 2014-2018”. Tiranë, Ministria e Zhvillimit Urban.
Mott MacDonald, (2011). “Inception report for the post-disaster comprehensive flood risk assessment and management study”.
POLIS University; MetroPolis; Municipality of Shkodra; Arizona State University (2016). “The General Local Development Plan of the Municipality of Shkodra”. Tiranë.
Ruijsink, S., Duka, I., & Toto, R. (2012). “Planifikimi Urban dhe Tregu i lirë në Shqipëri. In R. Toto, & D. Shutina, Politikbërës dhe Politikndjekës”, (pg. 40-74). Tiranë, Botimet Afrojdit.
UNDP; Ministry of Environment, (2016). “Third National Communication of the Republic of Albania under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change”. Tiranë, Ministry of Environment.
Watson. D.; Adams.M. (2011), “Design for Flooding: Architecture, Landscape, and Urban Design for Resilience to Climate Change”; Printed by Wiley, John Wiley and Sons, USA.
William, E.D. (2011), “Design for Flooding: Architecture, Landscape, and Urban Design for Resilience to Climate Change”; Printed by Wiley, John Wiley and Sons, USA.